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Other Versions of this Movie

The North Star

1943

In a peaceful Ukrainian village, the school year is just ending in June 1941. Five young friends set out for a walking trip to Kiev, but their travels are brutally interrupted when they are suddenly attacked by German planes, in the first wave of the Nazi assault on the Soviet Union.


The North Star (also known as Armored Attack in the US) is a 1943 war film produced by Samuel Goldwyn Productions and distributed by RKO Radio Pictures. It was directed by Lewis Milestone, written by Lillian Hellman and featured production design by William Cameron Menzies. The film starred Anne Baxter, Dana Andrews, Walter Huston, Walter Brennan and Erich von Stroheim. The music was written by Aaron Copland, the lyrics by Ira Gershwin, and the cinematography was by James Wong Howe. The film also marked the debut of Farley Granger.
The film is about the resistance of Ukrainian villagers, through guerrilla tactics, against the German invaders of Ukraine. The film was an unabashedly pro-Soviet Union propaganda film at the height of the war.

Plot

In June 1941 Ukrainian villagers are living in peace. As the schools break up for vacation, a group of friends decide to travel to Kiev for a holiday. To their horror they find themselves attacked by German aircraft, part of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. Eventually their village itself is occupied by the Nazis. Meanwhile men and women take to the hills to form partisan militias.
The full brutality of the Nazis is revealed when a German doctor (Erich von Stroheim) uses the village children as a source of blood for transfusions into wounded German soldiers. Some children lose so much blood that they die. A famous Russian doctor (Walter Huston) discovers this and informs the partisans, who prepare to strike back. They launch a cavalry assault on the village to rescue the children. The Russian doctor accuses the German doctor of being worse than the convinced Nazis, because he has used his skills to support them. He then shoots him. The peasants join together, and one girl envisions a future in which they will "make a free world for all men".

Cast

  • Anne Baxter as Marina Pavlova
  • Dana Andrews as Kolya Simonov
  • Walter Huston as Dr. Pavel Grigorich Kurin
  • Walter Brennan as Karp
  • Ann Harding as Sophia Pavlova
  • Jane Withers as Clavdia Kurina
  • Farley Granger as Damian Simonov
  • Erich von Stroheim as Dr. von Harden
  • Dean Jagger as Rodion Pavlov
  • Carl Benton Reid as Boris Stepanich Simonov
  • Ann Carter as Olga Pavlova
  • Esther Dale as Anna
  • Ruth Nelson (actress) as Nadya Simonova

Criticism

The House Committee on Un-American Activities would later cite The North Star as one of the three noted examples of pro-Soviet works made by Hollywood, the other two being Warner Brothers' Mission to Moscow (1943 in film) and MGM's Song of Russia (1944 in film). Similar U.S. World War II movies are RKO Radio Pictures's Days of Glory (1944 film) on Russian resistance in the Tula Oblast and MGM's Dragon Seed (film) on Chinese efforts against the Japanese occupation.
The extent to which the film incorporated official Soviet propaganda about collective farms prompted British historian Robert Conquest, a member of the British Foreign Office's Information Research Department (a unit created for the purpose of combating communist influence and promoting anti-communist ideas)

Recut

The film was rereleased in 1957 under the title of Armored Attack. This version starts with the entry of the German column into the town and ends with narration of Hungarians fighting the Red Army during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956.
In later years, the actual print was made available on video with none of the cut segments of the 1957 print.

Awards

The film was nominated for six Academy Awards:< name="Oscars1944"></>
  • Art Direction (Black-and-White) (Perry Ferguson, Howard Bristol)
  • Cinematography (Black-and-White) (James Wong Howe)
  • Music (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) (Aaron Copland)
  • Academy Award for Best Sound (Thomas T. Moulton)
  • Academy Award for Best Visual Effects (Clarence Slifer, Ray Binger, Thomas T. Moulton)
  • Writing (Original Screenplay) (Lillian Hellman)




Category:1943 films
Category:1940s war films
Category:RKO Pictures films
Category:American films
Category:American pro-Soviet propaganda films
Category:Black-and-white films
Category:English-language films
Category:Films set in Ukraine
Category:Films directed by Lewis Milestone
Category:Films about the Soviet Union in the Stalin era
Category:World War II films made in wartime
Category:Samuel Goldwyn Productions films
Category:Screenplays by Lillian Hellman
4.00
Samuel Goldwyn; William Cameron Menzies

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